The adoption of the Part XI agreement eliminated this threat. Almost all States, even temporarily awaiting ratification or accession, are now complying with the Convention, and the threat to the Convention has been lifted. In particular, the agreement removed obstacles that prevented industrialized countries from complying with the convention. These same countries have either ratified it or presented it for their internal legislative procedures. More importantly, their active participation in the institutions created by the Convention and their strong support for the regime it contains. In 1213, a group of rebel barons met with Bishop Stephen Langton and the Pontifical Legate (representative of the Pope) to express their grievances against the king. They also insisted that John accept the confirmation of the Charter of Coronation, issued by his ancestor, King Henry I, in 1100, who had promised to abolish « all bad customs that unjustly oppressed the Kingdom of England. » In early 1215, the conflict escalated when King John refused to respond to the barons` demands. In May, many barons renounced their oath of allegiance and elected Robert Fitz Walter (1162-1235) as their leader. Their conquest of the city of London in the same month was a turning point in their campaign. In 1958, the first United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea accepted a definition adopted by the Commission on International Law, which defines the continental shelf to « leave the seabed and the subsoil of submarines adjacent to the coast, but outside the territory of the territorial sea, up to a depth of 200 metres or , beyond this border, to the depths of the super-central waters of the exploitation of the natural resources of these territories. » Coastal states have the power to enforce their national standards and measures to combat pollution in their coastal seas. Each coastal state is given responsibility for the protection and conservation of the marine environment of its EEZ. This jurisdiction allows coastal states to control, prevent and reduce marine pollution caused by dumping, land sources or activities at the bottom of the sea under national jurisdiction or from or through the atmosphere. With regard to pollution caused by foreign vessels, coastal states can only be responsible for the enforcement of laws and regulations adopted in accordance with the Convention or « universally recognized international rules and standards ».
These rules and standards, many of which are already in force, are adopted by the relevant international organization, the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Thomas Jefferson called the essays collected by Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), James Madison and John Jay (1745-1829) « the best commentary on the principles of government ever written. » Jefferson, like many other contemporary Americans, tried to find out what essays had been written by each of the three authors. On this sheet, Jefferson awarded Madison the author of more than a dozen essays. The question of who wrote each of these essays was never definitively answered. In this regard, the convening of an intergovernmental conference under the aegis of the United Nations was one of the main outcomes of the conference on the settlement of the former conflict between coastal states and long-distance fishing countries over straddling and large migratory fish stocks in exclusive economic zones adjacent to 200 nautical miles.